According to the International Association of Ergonomics, ergonomics is the set of scientific knowledge applied to make work, systems, products and environments fit the physical and mental capacities and limitations of the person.
According to the Spanish Association of Ergonomics, ergonomics is the set of multidisciplinary knowledge applied to the adaptation of artificial products, systems and environments to the needs, limitations and characteristics of its users, optimizing efficiency, safety and wellbeing.
The goal of ergonomics is to adapt the work to the capabilities and possibilities of the human being. All ergonomic work items are designed with the user in mind. The same must happen with the organization of the company: it is necessary to design it according to the characteristics and the needs of the people that integrate them.
Applied psycho sociology starts from the fact that people’s needs are changing, as is social and political organization itself. For this reason, organizations can not be isolated centers and remain oblivious to these changes.
Today, quality of working life is demanded. This concept is difficult to translate into words, but it can be defined as the set of working conditions that do not harm health and which, in addition, offer means for personal development, that is, greater content in tasks, participation in decisions, greater autonomy, possibility of personal development, etc.
The main objectives of ergonomics and applied psychology are:
-Identify, analyze and reduce occupational risks (ergonomic and psychosocial).
-Adapt the work station and working conditions to the characteristics of the operator.
-Contribute to the evolution of work situations, not only in terms of material conditions, but also in their socio-organizational aspects, so that the work can be carried out safeguarding health and safety, with the maximum of Comfort, satisfaction and efficiency.
-Control the introduction of new technologies in organizations and their adaptation to the skills and abilities of the existing workforce.
-To establish ergonomic prescriptions for the acquisition of tools, tools and diverse materials.
-Increase motivation and job satisfaction.